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Other Focuses Database

Introduction to Other Focuses Database

ListsChapter FocusesFocus CategoriesName IndexPresent Focus Index

Native American Leaders

Class abbreviations: F: focus, OE: observing Essence, OEL: observing lifetime, CP: counterpart

Other FocusFocus/Essence NameClassDescriptionGroupLocationCenturySession
Wahunsenacawh (Chief Powhatan)Per/ElanFChief Powhatan (c. 1547—c. 1618) , whose proper name was Wahunsenacawh or (in seventeenth century English spelling) Wahunsunacock, was the leader of the Powhatan (also spelled Powatan and Powhaten), a powerful tribe of Native Americans, speaking an Algonquian language, who lived in Tenakomakah— which is now tidewater Virginia—at the time of the first English-Native encounters. Powhatan was the father of Pocahontas/Iona. He is said to have had over 100 wives. Father-in-law of John Rolfe/Opan.Group 1: Native American
American Colonies1600 AD
Rolfe, ThomasRobert/RaiF(January 30, 1615 - c. 1675) was the only child of the legendary Pocahontas/Iona by her English husband John Rolfe/Opan whom she married on April 5, 1614. Thomas was born at Smith's Plantation, at Jamestown, Virginia. After growing up in England, he returned to Virginia in 1635, and married Jane Poythress. He served in the English military and died in Virginia, ca. 1675. His only child was, Jane Rolfe. As a result of Thomas Rolfe's birth, the Rolfe family is considered one of the First Families of Virginia.Group 1: Native American
American Colonies1601 - 1700 AD
Navarro (Silver Wing)Anjuli/MyrandaF4014 B.C.Group 1: Native American - Navajo
Americas1400 - 1301 BC
RamaniAnjuli/MyrandaFPueblo Indian; 1520Group 1: Native American
Americas1501 - 1600 AD1329
Miracle, Anda, aka “Miracles-Anda”Anjuli/MyrandaF1439 A.D.Group 1: Native American - Mohican
Americas1401 - 1500 AD
Winnya-Ta (Winged Heart)Anjuli/MyrandaFTwin sister of Huanya-Wa (Whole Heart), male, who died at about age 21; 15,320 BCGroup 1: Ancient Civilizations
Group 2: Maya Civilization
Americasbefore 2300 BC
YuliaDaryl/AshrahFFemale; married to focus of Fontine; pre-12th Cent. A.D.Group 1: Native American
Group 2: Ancient Civilizations
Americas1200 - 1101 BC701
Shield Jaguar IMark/BaruchFYaxchilian ruler; 681 A.D. Group 1: Maya Civilization
Americas601 - 700 AD
Tet-Tay-Akwan (White Thunder)Mark/BaruchFGroomed to be chief, 800 A.D. Group 1: Native American
Group 2: Native American - Navajo
Americas801 - 900 AD1281
Bird Jaguar IVDawn/AwanFYaxchilian ruler, son of Shield Jaguar; 742 A.D. Group 1: Maya Civilization
Americas701 - 800 AD
PocahontasIoanna/IonaF'(c. 1595 ? March 21, 1617) Native American woman who married an Englishman and became a celebrity in London toward the end of her short life. She was a daughter of Wahunsunacock (also known as Powhatan), who ruled an area encompassing almost all of the neighboring tribes in the Tidewater region of Virginia (called Tenakomakah at the time). Her real name was Matoaka: 'Pocahontas' was a childhood nickname referring to her frolicsome nature (in the Powhatan language it means 'little wanton', 'playful frolicsome girl', 'the naughty one' or 'spoiled child'.'Group 1: Native American
Americas1600 AD
Chief CrowfootBridgy/ThelmaOELHead chief of the Blackfoot Confederacy; Indian name: Isapo-Muxica (Crow Indian's Big Foot - an extinct bird); prominant role in Treaty #7 negotiations in 1877; 1830-1890Group 1: Native American
Canada and USA1801 - 1900 AD
SachitaAnjuli/MyrandaFBougainville, Solomon Islands; meets Louis-Antoine de Bougainville/Elias; b. 1752Solomon Islands1701 - 1800 AD1451
TuanaAnjuli/MyrandaFFocus within Malonga people of Venezuela, the tribe that has shifted as a group; 521 A.D. Group 1: Malonga People
South America501 - 600 AD1451
White AntelopeVicki/LawrenceOECheyenne chief killed at the Sand Creek Massacre November 29, 1864Group 1: Native American
Group 2: Native American - Cheyenne
USA1801 - 1900 AD1193
Red CloudCathy/ShynlaFOglala Teton Sioux warrior chief; 1822-1909 Group 1: Native American - Sioux
USA1900 AD823
Black Elk, NicholasBobbi/JaleFOglala Sioux medicine man; father of Lucy Black Elk Looks Twice/Sandel; 1863-1950Group 1: Native American - Sioux
USA1900 AD867
Black KettleRon/OliviaFSouthern Cheyenne Peace Chief; 1803-1868Group 1: Native American - Cheyenne
USA1801 - 1900 AD1193
-KC/NanaiisFGhost Dancer; 1890Group 1: Native American - Sioux
USA1801 - 1900 AD1221
White EagleMarta/BourjnOEPoncas chief and shaman; massacred by the SiouxGroup 1: Native American
USA1801 - 1900 AD1412
Gray EagleMarta/BourjnOEBrother-in-law of Sitting BullGroup 1: Native American - Sioux
USA1801 - 1900 AD1412
Crow Dog, Mary Brave WomanMargot/GiselleOESo. Dakota; ex-wife of Leonard Crow Dog, leader of the Lakota Sioux in the 1973 American Indian Movement showdown at the location of the Battle of Wounded Knee. Mary Brave Woman has continued to be active in the AIM and still lives in Rosebud, South Dakota; 1953-Group 1: Native American - Sioux
USA1901 - 2000 AD
White Buffalo Calf WomanShell/FMythological legend of the SiouxGroup 1: Native American - Sioux
USAno timeframe
Che-wan-tiaDawn/AwanFWife of the Hunkpapa Sioux Chief Gall/Elias; killed during the Battle of the Little Big Horn (1876).Group 1: Native American - Sioux
USA1801 - 1900 AD1526
Hop-hop-onmi (Sound of Running Feet)Margot/GiselleFDau. of Chief Joseph & Wetatonmi, Nez PerceGroup 1: Native American - Nez Perce
USA1801 - 1900 AD1562
Crazy HorseMary/MichaelOEOglala Sioux chief; 1842-1877Group 1: Native American - Sioux
Group 2: American Old West
USA1801 - 1900 AD1123
Charging BuffaloJim/BevanFMedicine man of the Osage tribe.Group 1: Native American - Osage
USA1801 - 1900 AD2004
She who DreamsIoanna/IonaFBorn in 1848, she is a member of the Sioux-Lakota tribe living near the Black Hills of South Dakota. First husband was Rides the Wind/Malhai. They have a daughter, Little Dove/Opan and a son Chaska/Nanaiis. Her husband dies at Little Bighorn and she marries his brother Rolling Thunder/Elan and they have a son, Long Bow/Tarmak. Her sisters are Walks on Clouds/Myranda and a focus of Madison, and her sister in-law is Running Deer/Awan. The medicine man of the tribe is Speaks with Spirit/Jene Group 1: Little Big Horn
Group 2: Native American
USA1801 - 1900 AD1881
TonarcyIoanna/IonaFThe seventh wife of Commanche Chief Quanah Parker/Awan. She was also known as To-Nas-Sah (Too Nicey). Quanah 'stole' her from the house of Bad Eagle. She was considered his principal wife, and was at his side when he died.Group 1: Native American
USA1900 AD
TopayMargaret/MadisonFA wife of Quanah Parker (Dawn/Awan). Ioanna/Iona is a focus of another wife, Tonarcy.Group 1: Native American
USA1900 AD
Parker, Cynthia AnnMargaret/MadisonOECynthia Ann age 9, her brother John and several others were captured by Commanches May 19, 1836. The Quohada band took in the children. Cynthia married the Comanche War Chief Peta Nokoni (Lone Camper). Cynthia is the mother of Quanah Parker/Awan. Cynthia was later captured by Texas Rangers with her daughter Topsannah (Prairie Flower) and returned to her uncle Isaac Parker. Topsannah died 1864, and Cynthia starved herself to death in 1870; ca. 1825 - 1864Group 1: Native American
USA1801 - 1900 AD
Coloradas, Chief MangasMargaret/MadisonOELApache Chief 1793-1863. (His daughter Dos-teh-seh is a focus of Stephen/Yacelli, wife of Cochise, mother of Tara and Naiche).Group 1: Native American
USA1800 AD
Parker, QuanahDawn/AwanFQuanah became the last chief of the Quahadi Comanche and a shrewd and dynamic politician; late 1840s-1911 Group 1: Native American
USA1900 AD
Little Wolfioanna/ionaF(c. 1820 – 1904) Little Wolf (Cheyenne: O'kohomoxhaahketa, sometimes transcribed 'Ohcumgache' or 'Ohkomhakit', more correctly translated Little Coyote). A Northern Cheyenne Chief, he was known as a great military tactician and led a dramatic escape from confinement in Oklahoma back to the Northern Cheyenne homeland in 1878. Born in present day Montana, by the mid-1850s, Little Wolf had become a prominent chieftain of the northern Cheyenne, leading a group of warriors called the 'Elk Horn Scrapers' during the Northern Plains Wars. He fought in Red Cloud's War, the war for the Bozeman Trail, which lasted from 1866 to 1868. As chief, he signed the Treaty of Fort Laramie. He was chosen one of the 'Old Man' chiefs among the Council of Forty-Four, a high honor in traditional Cheyenne culture, was also chosen as Sweet Medicine Chief, bearer of the spiritual incarnation of Sweet Medicine, a hero of the Cheyennes. Following the defeat of Morning Star - Dull Knife/Grenadier by Col. Ranald S. Mackenzie in November 1876, Little Wolf was forced onto a reservation in Oklahoma's Indian Territory. Around 1878, he and Dull Knife led almost 300 Cheyenne from their reservation near Fort Reno, Oklahoma, through Kansas, Nebraska, and the Dakota Territory into the Montana Territory, their ancestral home. During the journey, they eluded the U.S. cavalry, which was trying to capture them. The two groups split up after reaching Nebraska, and while Dull Knife's party was eventually forced to surrender near Fort Robinson, Little Wolf's group eventually made their way to Montana where there were eventually allowed to remain.Group 1: Native American
USA1801 - 1900 AD
OllokotFran/SandelFChief Joseph's younger brother, aka Tewetakis in his youth. He was a member (war chief and tactician) of the Wallowa Band of the Nez Percé people of Oregon. Elias has confirmed that he is the offspring of 'Old Chief Joseph' and Eliza Hart Spalding, the wife of the Presbyterian missionary, Henry Spaulding, although he was given to a Cayuse woman to raise. He participated in a pre-war meeting with General Howard/Bosht in April 1877 and killed while fighting in the final battle on Snake Creek, near Bear Paw Mtn. on October 4, 1877. 1840's-1877Group 1: Native American - Nez Perce
USA1801 - 1900 AD2381
CochiseAlexi/AlexiOELOne of the most famous Apache (Chiricahau) leaders (along with Geronimo) to resist intrusions by Mexicans and Americans during the 19th century; 1815-1874Group 1: Native American
USA1801 - 1900 AD